For those who have forgotten and for those who dont know yet about
GP, what it is and how to calculate it in UNN. The full meaning of GP is

Biochemistry students offer 9 courses in first semester in first year which are as follows with their units attached.

1. BIO 101 (2 units)

2. BIO 151 (3 units)

3. CHM 101 (2 units)

4. CHM 171 (2 units)

5. GSP 101 (2 units)

6. GSP 111 (2 units)

7. GSP 201 (2 units)

8. PHY 111 (2 units)

9. PHY 191 (2 units)

If a students who offers the above 9 courses for instance, has the following grades in his or her first semester as stated below:

BIO 101 (B), BIO 151 (A), CHM 101 (C), CHM 171 (A), GSP 101 (A), GSP 111 (C), GSP 201 (C), PHY 111 (A), PHY 192 (B), the GP will be calculated as follows.

NOTE:

A = 5

B = 4

C = 3

D = 2

E = 1

F = 0

Multiply the grade numbers with the subject units, example (Cummulative):

1. BIO 101 with 2 units and B which is 4 will be (2*4) = 8

2. BIO 151 with 3 units and A which is 5 will be (3*5) = 15

3. CHM 101 with 2 units and C which is 3 will be (2*3) = 6

4. CHM 171 with 2 units and A which is 5 will be (2*5) = 10

5. GSP 101 with 2 units and A which is 5 will be (2*5) = 10

6. GSP 111 with 2 units and C which is 3 will be (2*3) = 6

7. GSP 201 with 2 units and C which 3 will be (2*3) = 6

8. PHY 111 with 2 units and A which is 5 will be (2*5) = 10

9. PHY 191 with 2 units and B which is 4 will be (2*4) = 8.

Total of Cummulative {8+15+6+10+10+6+6+10+8} = [79]

Divide the total cummulative [79] by the total units [19]:

79÷19 = [4.158] which is approximately [4.2].

First Class ranges from (5.0 - 4.5).

Second Class Upper (4.49 - 3.5).

second Class Lower (3.49 - 2.5).

Third class (2.49 - 1.5).

Pass (1.49 - 0).

From the above GP, you can see that the student with the results above has a GP that falls within the range of Second Class Upper in first year first semester and its called (2.1).

If such a student studies a 4 year course in the university and makes the following GPs in different semesters and levels as shown below:

First semester [4.2] > 2nd Class Upper

Second Semester [3.8] > 2nd Class Upper

Average is [4] > 2nd Class Upper in 1st Year.

First Semester [2.9] > 2nd Class Lower

Second Semester [3.4] > 2nd Class Upper

Average is [3.15] > 2nd Class Lower in 2nd Year.

First Semester [4.6] > First Class

Second Semester [3.9] > 2nd Class Upper

Average is [4.25] > 2nd Class Upper in 3rd year.

First Semester [3.0] > 2nd Class Lower

Second Semester [4.5] > First Class

Average is [3.75] > 2nd Class Upper in 4th year.

To know the performance or the GP of this student:

1. Add all the average and divide the total by 4.

OR

2. Add all the GPs in all the years and divide the total by 8.

A. {4+3.15+4.25+3.75} = (15.15 ÷ 4) = [3.79] which is Second Class Upper Division.

OR

B. {4.2+3.8+2.9+3.4+4.6+3.9+3.0+4.5} = (30.3 ÷ 8} = [3.79] which is also same Second Class Upper Division.

Its really confusing and complicated but if you follow it step by step, you will understand it. You can ask your questions if you have any via the comment box.

**Cummulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)**but its always abbreviated as GP. It is what determines first class, second class upper (2-1), second class lower (2-2), third class and Pass. Many have been asking what is all about, how to calculate it and so on. Some undergraduates and some graduates dont even know the full meaning and how to calculate it because their exam officers do the job and tell them their GP without them calculating it themselves. I will use a first semester courses and their units of a student studying a course like Biochemistry under Biological Sciences to illustrate how to calculate the GP.Biochemistry students offer 9 courses in first semester in first year which are as follows with their units attached.

1. BIO 101 (2 units)

2. BIO 151 (3 units)

3. CHM 101 (2 units)

4. CHM 171 (2 units)

5. GSP 101 (2 units)

6. GSP 111 (2 units)

7. GSP 201 (2 units)

8. PHY 111 (2 units)

9. PHY 191 (2 units)

**Total of units [19].**If a students who offers the above 9 courses for instance, has the following grades in his or her first semester as stated below:

BIO 101 (B), BIO 151 (A), CHM 101 (C), CHM 171 (A), GSP 101 (A), GSP 111 (C), GSP 201 (C), PHY 111 (A), PHY 192 (B), the GP will be calculated as follows.

NOTE:

A = 5

B = 4

C = 3

D = 2

E = 1

F = 0

**FIRST STEP:**Multiply the grade numbers with the subject units, example (Cummulative):

1. BIO 101 with 2 units and B which is 4 will be (2*4) = 8

2. BIO 151 with 3 units and A which is 5 will be (3*5) = 15

3. CHM 101 with 2 units and C which is 3 will be (2*3) = 6

4. CHM 171 with 2 units and A which is 5 will be (2*5) = 10

5. GSP 101 with 2 units and A which is 5 will be (2*5) = 10

6. GSP 111 with 2 units and C which is 3 will be (2*3) = 6

7. GSP 201 with 2 units and C which 3 will be (2*3) = 6

8. PHY 111 with 2 units and A which is 5 will be (2*5) = 10

9. PHY 191 with 2 units and B which is 4 will be (2*4) = 8.

Total of Cummulative {8+15+6+10+10+6+6+10+8} = [79]

**SECOND STEP:**Divide the total cummulative [79] by the total units [19]:

79÷19 = [4.158] which is approximately [4.2].

**NOTE:**First Class ranges from (5.0 - 4.5).

Second Class Upper (4.49 - 3.5).

second Class Lower (3.49 - 2.5).

Third class (2.49 - 1.5).

Pass (1.49 - 0).

From the above GP, you can see that the student with the results above has a GP that falls within the range of Second Class Upper in first year first semester and its called (2.1).

If such a student studies a 4 year course in the university and makes the following GPs in different semesters and levels as shown below:

**1. First Year:**First semester [4.2] > 2nd Class Upper

Second Semester [3.8] > 2nd Class Upper

Average is [4] > 2nd Class Upper in 1st Year.

**2. Second Year:**First Semester [2.9] > 2nd Class Lower

Second Semester [3.4] > 2nd Class Upper

Average is [3.15] > 2nd Class Lower in 2nd Year.

**3. Third Year:**First Semester [4.6] > First Class

Second Semester [3.9] > 2nd Class Upper

Average is [4.25] > 2nd Class Upper in 3rd year.

**4. Fourth Year:**First Semester [3.0] > 2nd Class Lower

Second Semester [4.5] > First Class

Average is [3.75] > 2nd Class Upper in 4th year.

To know the performance or the GP of this student:

1. Add all the average and divide the total by 4.

OR

2. Add all the GPs in all the years and divide the total by 8.

A. {4+3.15+4.25+3.75} = (15.15 ÷ 4) = [3.79] which is Second Class Upper Division.

OR

B. {4.2+3.8+2.9+3.4+4.6+3.9+3.0+4.5} = (30.3 ÷ 8} = [3.79] which is also same Second Class Upper Division.

Its really confusing and complicated but if you follow it step by step, you will understand it. You can ask your questions if you have any via the comment box.

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