NECO May/June Civic Education Objectives & Theory Questions & Answers;
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CIVIC EDUCATION OBJ:
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(1) Identify and explain five types of youth empowerment skills
(2a) Define the term responsible parenthood
(b) Briefly explain five importance of responsible parenthood
(c) List three fundamental rights of Nigerian citizen
(3a) Write the full meaning of HIV/AIDS
(b) Explain five effects associated with HIV/AIDS infections
(c) List three preventive measures
(4) List and explain five behavioural warning signs exhibited by drug addicts
Answer any TWO
(5) Discuss five points that promote national consciousness, unity and integrity in Nigeria
(6) Mention and explain five ways of political participation
(7) Discuss five negative impacts associated with emergency rule
(8a) What is political apathy
(b) Mention five forms of political apathy
(c) List and explain four ways of discouraging political apathy.
-Life Coping Skills
i) Life Coping Skills These are natural skills which every organism including man, acquires from birth to adapt fittingly in his or its environment. They are survival Instincts or skills. They are natural things we do to survive, avert dander and assert our individuality, e.g., crude farming, running on an errand, hunting, learning to make shelter, fishing, obeying laws and authorities, avoiding conflicts, etc
ii). Manipulative Skills : these skills are seen in skills acquisition centres as it involves economic activities that inculcate skills such as technical education. Computer, field events, mining, manufacturing, technological works, scientific experiments, construction, engineering, productive ventures, gadgets and machine manipulations (whether digital or analogue), building, wielding, carpentry, mechanics etc.
iii). Intellectual Skills : these skills are coordinates in character. It is the literary or theoretical frameworks that guide the practical aspects of the works, economic and scientific undertakings. In the primary sense, it is called brain work. Without the intellectual skills, no other skills can function as they are the master minds, motivators and co-coordinators.
iv). Communicative Skills : Communication is a very important aspect of our life. Man evolved communications skills as a social being to enable him pass or send information from one person to the other or from place to place. Communicative skills assist the intellectual skills to be expressed adequately and specifically.
v). Artistic Skills: These are close to communicative skills and are more complex. Includes they art of good writing, fine and applied arts, music and drama. These skills make effective use of all the other four kinds of skills where necessary
Responsible parenthood suggests the
responsibility of parents to guide ,protect and
provide for the basic needs of their children
.it also means parenting with unconditional
love which could last a life time
2b) ROLES OF RESPONSIBLE PARENT
i). Providing for the household financial
needs: It is the responsibility of the parents
(most especially the father) to look for
money to keep the family.
ii). Caring for the family: The parents (father
and mother) must prove that they are
responsible by caring so well for the children.
iii). Giving the children education: Responsible
parents are expected to give the children
qualitative education at home and school.
iv). Accommodation: It is the duty of the
parents to provide accommodation for their
v). Cultural training: Responsible parents are
expected to train their children cultural
heritage. Let them know the customs and
traditions of your people.
2c)..i .right to life,security and privacy
ii. right to education
iii.freedom of movement
-AIDS stands for Acquired immune deficiency
-HIV : Human immunodeficiency virus.
I) Inflammation of the Brain and Spinal Cord
II} HIV increases the risk of colds, influenza,
III)Without preventive treatment, people with
advanced HIV are susceptible to tuberculosis,
pneumonia, and a disease called
pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). PCP
causes trouble breathing, cough, and fever.
IV)HIV/AIDS raises the risk of pulmonary
arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH s a type of
high blood pressure in the arteries that
supply the lungs.
-Limit your number of sexual partners.
-Get tested and know your partner’s HIV
- Get tested and treated for STDs.
i)Tolerating one another: This means the willingness or a way of allowing people to do what they want to say without criticizing or punishing them.
ii)Living in harmony: People should live with good understanding of themselves, no fighting or disagreement with one another.
iii)Patriotism of the citizens: This
refers to one’s love towards his country or nation. A patriotic citizen will wish his country well.
iv)Showing hospitality: That is where the citizens exhibit friendly behaviour towards their visitors in the nation.
v)Inter-marriage: When people of different ethnic background engage in
inter-tribal marriage, it foster unity among them.
i)Running for Office:
Another avenue for political participation is
running for office. Being a public official
requires a great deal of dedication, time,
energy, and money. About 3 percent of the
adult population holds an elected or
appointed public office.
Participating by Protesting:
Political protest activity represents another
sphere of political participation. Protests
involve unconventional, and sometimes
unlawful, political actions that are
undertaken to gain rewards from the political
and economic system. Protest behavior can
take many forms. People can engage in
nonviolent acts of civil disobedience where
they deliberately break a law that they
consider to be unjust. This tactic was used
effectively during the 1960s civil rights
Being a Part of Civil Society About half the
population takes part in national and
community political affairs by joining an
interest group, issue-based organization,
civic organization, or political party.
Organizations with the goal of promoting
civic action on behalf of particular causes, or
single-issue groups, have proliferated. These
groups are as diverse as the People for the
Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), which
supports animal rights, to the Concord
Coalition, which seeks to protect Social
protest A protest is an expression of
objection, by words or by actions, to
particular events, policies, or situations.
Protests can take many different forms, from
individual statements to mass
demonstrations. Protesters may organize a
protest as a way of publicly making their
opinions heard in an attempt to influence
public opinion or government policy.
Contacting Public Officials Expressing
opinions to leaders is one avenue of political
participation. The number of people
contacting public officials at all levels of
government has risen markedly over the past
three decades. Seventeen percent of
Americans contacted a public official in 1976.
By 2008, 44 percent of the public had
contacted their member of Congress about an
issue or concern. E-mail has made contacting
public officials cheaper and easier than the
traditional method of mailing a letter.
8a) political apathy is defined as lack of
interest in political activities particularly
8bi)refusal to vote during election
ii)non-involvement in campaign
iii)refusal to form or belong to any political
iv) refusal to register to vote
V) refusal to contest election
i)chaotic political affairs: the killings among other acts which follows politics do cause political apathy in sone people
ii)the nature of politics: politics as a dirty game of who gets what and at what expense is the reason people express apathy
iii)bad goverance: the act of abifrarity, does not motivate some people to be part of political activities
iv)election rigging: sone beleive that election are to be rigged either by experience or imaginations which is the reason for political apathy
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